1)  Sapp, S. A.; Elliott, C. M.; Contado, C.; Caramori, S.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“Substituted polypyridine complexes of cobalt(II/III) as efficient electron-transfer mediators in dye-sensitized solar cells”.

 J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2002, 124(37), 11215-11222.

American Chemical Society, Washington USA.  Published on 18/9/2002.


2) Odobel, F.; Blart, E.; Lagrèe, M.; Villieras, M.; Boujtita, H.; El Murr, N.; Caramori, S.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“Porphyrin dyes for TiO2 sensitization”.

J. Mater Chem.2003, 13(3), 502-510.

Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge UK. Published on 30/1/2003.   


3) Zabri, H.; Gillaizeau, I.; Bignozzi, C. A.; Caramori, S.; Charlot, M.-F.; Cano-Boquera, J.; Odobel, F.  “Synthesis and comprehensive characterizations of new cis-RuL2X2 (X = Cl, CN, and NCS) sensitizers for nanocrystalline TiO2 solar cell using bis-phosphonated bipyridine ligands (L)”.

Inorg. Chem., 2003, 42(21), 6655-6666.

American Chemical Society, Washington USA.  Published 20/10/2003.


4) Altobello, S.; Bignozzi, C. A.; Caramori, S.; Larramona, G.; Quici, S.; Marzanni, G.; Lakhmiri, R. “Sensitization of TiO2 with ruthenium complexes Containing boronic acid functions”. 

 J. Photochem. Photobiol. A:chemistry,  2004, 166, 91-98.  

Elsevier Science, Lausanne, Switerzland. Published on 12/08/2004.

5) Zabri, H.; Odobel, F.; Altobello, S.; Caramori, S.; Bignozzi, C. A.

 “Efficient osmium sensitizers containing 2,2′-bipyridine-4,4′-bisphosphonic acid ligand”. 

J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: chemistry, 2004, 166, 99-106.

Elsevier Science, Lausanne, Switerzland.  Published on 12/08/2004.

6) Elliott, C.M.; Caramori, S.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“Indium tin oxide electrodes modified with tris(2,2’-bipyridine- 4,4’-dicarboxylic acid) iron(II) and the catalytic oxidation of tris(4,4’-di-tert-butyl-2,2’bipyridine) cobalt(II)”.

Langmuir, 2005, 21, 3022-3027.

American Chemical Society, Washington, USA. Published on 29/3/2005.


7) Altobello, S.; Argazzi, R.; Caramori, S.; Contado, C.; Da Fre, S.; Rubino, P.; Chone, C.; Larramona, G.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“Sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 with black absorbers based on Os and Ru polypyridine complexes”.
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2005, 127(44), 15342-15343.

American Chemical Society, Washington, USA. Published on 9/11/2005.


8) Malfatti, L; Falcaro, P.; Amenitsch, H.; Caramori, S.; Argazzi, R.; Bignozzi, C. A.; Enzo, S.; Maggini, M.; Innocenzi, P.

“Mesostrucured self-assembled titania films for photovoltaic applications”.

Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2006, 88, 304-311.

Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Published on 21/1/2006.



9) Cazzanti, S.; Caramori, S.; Argazzi, R.; Elliott, C. M. Bignozzi, C.A.

“Efficient non-corrosive electron-transfer mediator mixtures for dye sensitized solar cells”.

J.Am.Chem.Soc., 2006, 128(31), 9996-9997. 

American Chemical Society, Washington, USA. Published on 9/8/2006.


10) Bignozzi, C.A.; Argazzi, R.; Caramori, S.; 2007, Energy and Inorganic Chemistry, in  Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry, edited by Ivano Bertini,  in Encyclopaedia of Life Supporting Systems (EOLSS), developed under the auspices of UNESCO, Eolss Publishers, Oxford, UK, []  


11) Xue, D.; Elliott, C. M.; Gong, P.; Grainger, D. W.; Bignozzi, C. A.; Caramori, S.

“Indirect electrochemical sensing of DNA hybridization based on the catalytic oxidation of cobalt (II)”.
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2007, 129(7), 1854-1855.

American Chemical Society, Washington, USA. Published on 21/2/2007.


12) Martineau, D.; Beley, M.; Gros, P. C.; Cazzanti, S.; Caramori, S.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“Tuning of ruthenium complex properties using pyrrole- and pyrrolidine-containing polypyridine ligands”.
Inorg. Chem., 2007, 46(6), 2272-2277.

American Chemical Society, Washington, USA. Published on 19/3/2007.


13) Brugnati, M.; Caramori, S.; Cazzanti, S.; Marchini, L.; Argazzi, R.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“Electron transfer mediators for photoelectrochemical cells based on Cu(I) metal complexes”.

International Journal of Photoenergy, 2007 doi:10.1155/2007/80756, published online [].

Hindawi Publishing Corp., New York, USA. Accepted on 1/11/2007.


14) Scott, M.J.; Nelson, J.J.; Caramori, S.; Bignozzi, C.A.; Elliott, C.M.

“Cis-dichloro-bis(4,4’-dicarboxy-2,2’-bipyridine)osmium(II)-modified optically transparent electrodes: application as cathodes in stacked dye-sensitized solar cells”.

Inorg.Chem. 2007, 46, 10071-10078.

American Chemical Society, Washington, USA. Published on 26/11/2007.


15) Caramori, S.; Cazzanti, S.; Marchini, L.; Argazzi, R.; Bignozzi, C. A.; Martineau, D.; Gros, P. C.; Beley, M.

“Dye sensitized solar cells based on PEDOP as a hole conductive medium “.   

Inorganica Chimica Acta, 2008, 361, 627-634.

Elsevier Science, Lausanne, Switzerland. Published on 15/2/2008. 


16) Grabulosa, A.; Martineau, D.; Beley, M.; Gros, P. C.;  Cazzanti, S.; Caramori, S.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“Ruthenium complexes bearing p-extended pyrrolo-stryryl-bipyridine ligand: electronic properties and evaluation as photosensitizers”.

Dalton Transactions, 2009, 63-70.

Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK. Published on 5/11/08.




17) Caramori, S.; Bignozzi, C. A. 

“Recent developments in the design of dye sensitized solar cell components” in  “Electrochemistry of Functional Supramolecular Systems”, Chapter 17,  Margherita Venturi, Paola Ceroni and Alberto Credi Eds.  John Wiley & Sons, New York,  January 2010.


18) Liberatore, M.; Burtone, L.;  Brown, T. M.; Reale, A.; Di Carlo, A.; Decker, F.; Caramori, S.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“On the effect of Al2O3 blocking layer on the performance of dye solar cells with cobalt based electrolytes”.

Applied Physics Letters, 2009, 94, 173113.

American Institute of Physics, Melville, New York,USA. Published on  27/4/09.  


19)  Grabulosa, A.; Beley, M.; Gros, P. C.; Cazzanti, S.; Caramori, S.; Bignozzi, C. A.  

“Homoleptic ruthenium complex bearing dyssimetrical 4-carboxy-4’pyrrolo-2,2’bipyridine for efficient sensitization in of TiO2 in solar cells”. 

Inorganic Chemistry, 2009, 48(16), 8030-8036. 

American Chemical Society, Washington, USA Published on 17/08/09.


20) Calogero, G.; Di Marco, G.; Cazzanti, S.; Caramori, S.; Argazzi, R.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“Natural dye sensitizers for photoelectrochemical cells”.

Energy & Environ. Sci., 2009, 2, 1162 – 1172.  

Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK. Published on 27/08/09.


21) Caramori, S.; Gros, P. C.; Beley, M.; Argazzi, R.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“Combination of cobalt and iron polypyridine complexes for improving the charge separation and collection  in Ru(terpyridine)2-sensitized solar cells”.

Chem. Eur. Journal, 2010, 16, 2611-2618

Wiley Interscience,  Weinheim, Germany. 


22) Meda, L.; Tozzola, G.; Tacca, A.; Caramori, S.; Cristino, V.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“Photoelectrochemical properties of nanostructrured WO3 prepared with different dispersing agents”.

Solar Energy Materials & Solar  Cells, 2010, 94, 788-796 Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.  


23) Caramori, S.; Cristino, V.; Argazzi, R.; Meda, L.; Bignozzi, C. A.

“Photoelectrochemical  behaviour of sensitized TiO2 photoanodes in aqueous environment: application to  hydrogen production”

Inorganic Chemistry, 2010, 49, 3320-3328

American Chemical Society, Washington.


24)  Giuseppe Calogero, Gaetano Di Marco, Silvia Cazzanti , Stefano Caramori ,Roberto Argazzi, Aldo Di Carlo  and Carlo Alberto Bignozzi

“Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using Red Turnip and Purple Wild Sicilian Prickly Pear Fruits”

Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 254-267; doi:10.3390/ijms11010254


25)  Stefano Caramori, Vito Cristino, Rita Boaretto,Roberto Argazzi, Carlo Alberto Bignozzi, and Aldo Di Carlo

“New Components for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells”

International Journal of Photoenergy,  Volume 2010, Article ID 458614, 16 pages



26)  Fouad Ghamouss, Robbin Pitson, Fabrice Odobel, Mohammed Boujtita, Stefano Caramori, Carlo A. Bignozzi

“Characterization of screen printed carbon counter electrodes for Co(II)/(III) mediated photoelectrochemical cells”

Electrochimica Acta 2010, 55, 6517–6522


27)  Gianluca Pozzi, Silvio Quici, Maria Concetta Raffo, Carlo Alberto Bignozzi, Stefano Caramori,and Michele Orlandi

“Fluorous Molecules for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells: Synthesis and Photoelectrochemistry of Unsymmetrical Zinc Phthalocyanine Sensitizers with Bulky Fluorophilic Donor Groups”

J. Phys. Chem. C 2011, 115, 3777–3788


28) Vito Cristino, Stefano Caramori, Roberto Argazzi, Laura Meda, Gian Luigi Marra and

Carlo Alberto Bignozzi

“Efficient Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting by Anodically Grown WO3 Electrodes”

Langmuir 2011, 27, 7276–7284


29) Stefano Caramori, Vito Cristino, Laura Meda, Roberto Argazzi, and Carlo Alberto Bignozzi

“Hydrogen Production with Nanostructured and Sensitized Metal Oxides”

Top Curr Chem 2011 DOI: 10.1007/128_2011_137


30) S. Caramori, V. Cristino, L.Meda, A. Tacca,  R. Argazzi  and C.A. Bignozzi

“Efficient  Anodically Grown WO3 for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting”

 Energy Procedia, 2011, Accepted





Sapp,S.A., Elliott, C.M.; Bignozzi, C.A.; Caramori, S; Contatdo, C.

“Metal complex based electron transfer mediators in dye sensitized solar cells”.

PCT/US02/34883, 2002.



2) Elliott, C.M.; Bignozzi, C.A.; Xue, D.; Grainger, D.W.; Caramori, S.; Dissette,V.

“Electrochemical Detection of Substrates”.

U.S.Patent Number  US 7,892,816 B2


3) Carinci, F.; Bignozzi, C. A.; Minero, C.; Maurino, V.; Caramori, S.

“Method for preparing endosseous implants with zircon dioxide coating “.



4) Angiuli, F.; Argazzi, R.; Caramori, S.; Bignozzi, C.A.;

“A method for preparing nanocrystalline transparent films of tungsten oxide”.


5) Bignozzi C.A.; Carinci F.; Caramori S.; Dissette V.

“Nanomaterial coatings for osteointegrated biomedical prostheses”



6) Caramori, S.; Cristino, V.; Meda, L.; Bignozzi, C. A.  

Modified Tungsten Oxide and process for its preparation

PCT WO 2011/012238A1