Salta ai contenuti. | Salta alla navigazione

Date of birth: July, 1, 1941.

Married, two children.

Nationality: Russia.

E-mail: dolgov@fe.infn.it

Graduated from Moscow Physical Technical Institute (MPTI)

in 1964 with major Experimental Nuclear Physics.

Postgraduate student in 1969.

Candidate of Science in 1969 (corresponds to European or US PhD)

Dissertation: Symmetries in Electromagnetic and Weak Interactions.

Doctor degree in Physics (corresponds to European or US Professor

of Physics) in 1982. Dissertation: Cosmology and Elementary

Particles.

From 1967 till 1970 junior researcher in ITEP.

From 1970 till 1984 senior researcher in ITEP.

From 1984 leading researcher in ITEP.

From 1996 to 2000 professor

professor at TAC, Copenhagen, Denmark.

From January 2000 to 2006 Dirigente di ricerca INFN, Sezione di Ferrara.

From 2006 professor at the University of Ferrara.

Teaching experience: classes on field theory, quantum mechanics

and weak interactions at MPTI during 1964-1967. A large number

of lectures on elementary particle and cosmology in ITEP winter

schools as well as in those of the Leningrad Institute of Nuclear

Physics and Moscow Institute of Nuclear Research during last 30

years. Classes on classical mechanics and electrodynamics in

Univ. of Michigan. Lectures on particle physics and cosmology in

University of Valencia. Lectures on Cosmology of the Early Universe

in the University of Copenhagen and in Scuola Normale in Pisa. Mini-course "Physics of them Early Universe” in Center for Astrophysics at the Instituto Superior Tecnico, Universidade

Tecnica de Lisboa, May-June 1998 for CENTRA researcher's, undergraduate and graduate students. Series of lectures on Neutrino

Cosmology in University of Dortmund, May 1998, within "Graduirtencolleg". Continuous lecture courses on Cosmology and

Gweneral Relativity in the University of Ferrara.

Research activity: Cosmology and astrophysics, gauge theories,

field theory including quantum gravity, cosmology of the early

Universe, in particular baryogenesis and creation of antimatter,

cosmological implications of neutrino, neutrino kinetics and

oscillations, generation of magnetic fields, universe reheating

after inflation, cosmological constant, and problems of dark

matter and dark energy, production of particles by external

fields, physics of cosmic microwave background, its spectral

and statistical properties.

Publications in these fields include more than 200 titles Among

them there are several review papers published in Reviews of

Modern Physics, Physics Reports, Sov. Phys. Uspekhi, Surveys

in High Energy Physics, and books "Kosmologiya Rannei Vselennoi”

("Cosmology of the early Universe"), MGU Publishers, Moscow, 1988

and "Basics of Modern Cosmology", Edition Frontier, Paris, 1990.

Main scientific results:

1. Discovery that the chiral anomaly leads to a scalar massless

pole 1/q^2 in scattering amplitudes and to chiral symmetry breakdown.

2. Generalization of the Froissart theorem for the case of massless

neutrino exchange.

3. Derivation of the cosmological limit on heavy neutrino mass.

4. A proof that conformal anomaly leads to production of photons

in cosmological background. Application of this mechanism to the

problem of generation of the large scale cosmic magnetic fields.

5. First work on implication of neutrino oscillations on big bang

nucleosynthesis. Derivation of quantum kinetic equation for neutrino

density matrix in thermal background.

6. A suggestion of the adjustment mechanism for vacuum energy

(cosmological constant). The idea that at the late stage of the

universe evolution the cosmological energy density may be

dominated by a new form of energy, later discovered as dark energy.

7. First non-perturbative calculations of particle production by

the inflaton field (universe reheating). A possibility of parametric

resonance excitation.

8. Non-equilibrium kinetics of elementary particles in cosmological

plasma with application to baryogenesis and neutrino physics.

Numerical and analytical methods developed.

Invited speaker at many international conferences and member of

Scientific Advisory and Organization Committees.

Awards:

1. 1973, Lenin Komsomol Award given to young scientists for the best work in physics in Soviet Union.

2. 1996, Landau-Weizmann Award for theoretical physics, by the Weizmann Institute.